Determinants of Employee Performance in Manufacturing Firms in Kenya: A Case Study of the East African Portland Cement Company

Determinants of Employee Performance in Manufacturing Firms in Kenya: A Case Study of the East African Portland Cement Company

  • Mwangi Caroline Management University of Africa
  • Mr. David Kanyanjua Management University of Africa


The purpose of the study was to establish the determinants of employee performance in manufacturing firms in Kenya with the East African Portland cement as a case study company. The study objectives were to determine the effect of the staff reward system, effect of human resource development the effect of working environment and effect of work life balance on employee performance in east African Portland Cement Company. The study adopted a descriptive research design. The targeted population for the study constituted 1500 employees of East African Portland Cement Company. The sample size was 150 respondents. Besides, stratified random sampling was used to select the sample. The study used questionnaires to obtain the quantitative data for analysis, which was further validated from the analysis of secondary data. Information was sorted, coded and imported into the SPSS for analysis. The findings revealed that reward system and employee performance were positively and significantly associated (r=0.572, p=0.000), human resource development and employee performance (r=0.582, p=0.000). in addition, there was a positive and significant correlation between working environment and employee performance (r=0.618, p=0.000), work life balance and employee performance (r=0.547 p=0.000). Additionally, the regression results showed a positive and significant relationship between independent variables and dependent variable. Reward systems and employee performance (β =0.158, p=0.071), human resource development and employee performance (β =0.251, p=0.077), work environment and employee performance (β =0.257, p=0.081). Finally, work life balance and employee performance (β =0.176, p=0.077). the study found that reward systems, human resource development, working environment and work life balances were satisfactory variables in explaining the employee performance in east African Portland cement company with a coefficient of determination of 0.516.the study concluded that reward systems, human resource development, work environment and work life balance positively influenced the overall employee performance at East African Portland cement company. the study recommended that staff reward system on employees' performance at should be reviewed, increase the number of human resource development of the employees and. finally, to develop measures those render the work environment more conducive and train managers on how to create and nurture the relationship with employees

 Keywords: Staff reward system, human resource development, working environment, work life balance, employee performance, East African Portland Cement Company,

Author Biographies

Mwangi Caroline, Management University of Africa

Post graduate Student, Management University of Africa

Mr. David Kanyanjua, Management University of Africa

Lecturer, Management University of Africa


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How to Cite
Caroline, M., & Kanyanjua, M. D. (2019). Determinants of Employee Performance in Manufacturing Firms in Kenya: A Case Study of the East African Portland Cement Company. Journal of Human Resource & Leadership, 3(3), 79-94. Retrieved from