Factors Influencing the Start and Progression of Intimate Partner Violence: The Case of Survivors at the Reuben Centre - Mukuru Kwa Reuben Slum, Nairobi County
Intimate partner violence (IPV) in Kenya is a silent epidemic. It is a serious threat to society as a whole and affects persons of all gender, religious and economic backgrounds. It touches on every facet of an individual’s well-being and affects both physical and mental health. This study explored the factors behind the onset and progression of intimate partner violence in Kenya. The study employed the descriptive research design and targeted adult IPV survivors who are of sound mind and who are either currently in heterosexual intimate relationships, or who have been in such relationships at some point in their lives. The key findings were that marital status, intimacy level of the relationship, duration in the relationship, education level of the abusive partner and the type of abuse all influence the onset and progression of IPV. The t-test showed that respondent’s age, gender, nationality, religion, number of children, occupation of respondent, education level of respondent, marital status of the respondent, respond's duration in an intimate relationship, age of respondent’s abusive partner and education level of respond's abusive partner were all highly statistically significant (p=0.000) in influencing IPV. The study recommends that: psycho-education be given to slum dwellers to reduce IPV in relationships, couples be educated to be assertive in marriages and also be resilient after going through difficult marital situations, and Community Health and Social Workers be motivated to work with slum dwellers to provide affordable counselling services and advise them to engage in economic activities to reduce poverty and also enhance their psychological well-being.
Keywords: Intimate Partner Violence, Start/Onset, Progression, Survivors, Abusive Partners
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