Impact of Agricultural Cooperatives on Farmers Output in Denmark

  • Niels Jens Sandhu Copenhagen University
  • Ramilan Scialabba Warner Copenhagen University
  • Christian Pliakoura Theuvsen Copenhagen University


A farmer cooperative can serve one or more functions including but not limited to providing loans to farmers, supplying information pertinent to agricultural production, selling inputs necessary to agricultural production, bargaining on behalf of its members, providing transportation services, and marketing the farm products. The agricultural cooperatives are regarded as critical to the farmers in the enhancement of their production. Thus, the study sought to look at the impact of agricultural cooperatives on farmers' output in Denmark.  The study was literature-based and the concussions of the study was based on the findings from the previous studies. Based on the findings of the study, it was noted that agricultural cooperatives play a critical role in enhancing the output of the farmers. Agricultural cooperatives usually pool together inputs to maximize production and further promote capacity building of the farmers. It was noted that working together makes farmers improve their profits by getting into bigger markets, lowering costs and acquiring a higher negotiating power. Farmers are free to join and leave the cooperative, and there is no governmental intervention in managing the organization in Denmark. Farming and customer cooperatives have been widely known in Denmark. The study noted that small and medium-sized cooperatives, financial cooperatives, workers' cooperatives, and cooperatives for seniors have been rampant in Denmark. The study concluded that cooperatives play an important function in the agricultural sector of several nations. Agricultural cooperatives assist farmers to fix a collective action problem. With co-operatives, farmers may bring in traders and institutional buyers, and improve their bargaining power. The study recommended that agricultural cooperatives are required to provide more training on agricultural production and motivate members to actively join those training. The cooperatives need to strengthen and broaden markets to get better prices for their members.

Author Biographies

Niels Jens Sandhu, Copenhagen University

Copenhagen University

Ramilan Scialabba Warner , Copenhagen University

Copenhagen University

Christian Pliakoura Theuvsen, Copenhagen University

Copenhagen University


Beber, C. L., Theuvsen, L., & Otter, V. (2018). Organizational structures and the evolution of dairy cooperatives in Southern Brazil: A life cycle analysis. Journal of Co-operative Organization and Management, 6(2), 64-77.

Candemir, A., Duvaleix, S., & Latruffe, L. (2021). Agricultural cooperatives and farm sustainability-A literature review. Journal of Economic Surveys, 35(4), 1118-1144.

Fernando, S., Garnevska, E., Ramilan, T., & Shadbolt, N. (2021). Organisational attributes of cooperatives and farmer companies. Journal of Co-operative Organization and Management, 9(1), 100-132.

Getnet, K., Kefyalew, G., & Berhanu, W. (2018). On the power and influence of the cooperative institution: Does it secure competitive producer prices? World Development Perspectives, 9 (2) 43-47.

Hadjielias, E., Christofi, M., Vrontis, D., & Khan, H. (2022). Social impact through family firms' interorganizational relationships within a community and a cooperative: An embedded view of stewardship. Journal of Business Research, 13(9), 584-601.

Ji, C., Jia, F., & Xu, X. (2018). Agricultural co-operative sustainability: Evidence from four Chinese pig production co-operatives. Journal of cleaner production, 197 (15), 1095-1107.

Jimenez, C. D., Mina, C. S., & Catelo, S. P. (2020). Multidimensional Poverty Among Calamansi Farmers in Oriental Mindoro, Philippines: Does Cooperative Membership Matter? Journal of Economics, Management & Agricultural Development, 6(23)90-102.

Kalogiannidis, S. (2020). Economic cooperative models: agricultural cooperatives in Greece and the need to modernize their operation for the sustainable development of local societies. International Journal of Academic Research in Business and Social Sciences, 10(11), 452-468.

Moon, S., & Lee, S. H. (2020). A strategy for sustainable development of cooperatives in developing countries: The success and failure case of agricultural cooperatives in musambira sector, Rwanda. Sustainability, 12(20), 8632.

Morfi, C., Nilsson, J., Hakelius, K., & Karantininis, K. (2021). Social networks and member participation in cooperative governance. Agribusiness, 37(2), 264-285.

Pliakoura, A. P., Beligiannis, G., & Kontogeorgos, A. (2021). Significant barriers to the adoption of the agricultural cooperative model of entrepreneurship: a literature review. International Journal of Social Economics, 6(2),17-31.

Sandhu, H., Scialabba, N. E. H., Warner, C., Behzadnejad, F., Keohane, K., Houston, R., & Fujiwara, D. (2020). Evaluating the holistic costs and benefits of corn production systems in Minnesota, US. Scientific reports, 10(1), 1-12.

Sevinç, M. R. (2021). Farmers' perception of agricultural cooperatives: the case of Şanlıurfa, Turkey. Ciência Rural, 51.

Sultana, M., Ahmed, J. U., & Shiratake, Y. (2020). Sustainable conditions of agriculture cooperative with a case study of dairy cooperative of Sirajgonj District in Bangladesh. Journal of Co-operative Organization and Management, 8(1), 100-105.

Wang, B., Cheng, P. Y., Lee, B., Sun, L. C., & Chang, H. H. (2019). Does participation in agricultural cooperatives affect farm sustainability? Empirical evidence from Taiwan. Sustainability, 11(18), 49-67.
How to Cite
Sandhu, N. J., Warner , R. S., & Theuvsen, C. P. (2022). Impact of Agricultural Cooperatives on Farmers Output in Denmark. Journal of Agriculture, 6(1), 52 - 60.