Effects of Human Encroachment on Wetlands: A Case of Boreal Shield, Canada


  • Barlow Liepert Kuijper McGill University
  • Arnold Lloyd Wang McGill University
  • Ron Viersen Goodrich McGill University




Wetlands are some of the most productive ecosystems on the planet and provide a wide range of ecological, economic, and social benefits. Wetlands are threatened by human activities such as agriculture, urbanization, resource extraction, and infrastructure development, which can lead to their degradation and loss. Wetland loss can result in reduced water quality, increased erosion, and decreased biodiversity, which can impact the health of ecosystems and the species that depend on them. The study found that human encroachment on wetlands in Canada has resulted in significant wetland loss and degradation. Wetland loss and degradation can lead to the loss of plant and animal species that depend on these ecosystems. It was noted that wetland loss is a major contributor to the decline of many bird species, including waterfowl and shorebirds. Wetlands support important industries such as forestry, agriculture, and fisheries, and provide recreational opportunities for Canadians, such as fishing, hunting, and wildlife watching. The study concluded that human activities such as agriculture, urbanization, resource extraction, and infrastructure development have led to the degradation and loss of wetlands across the country. The loss of wetlands has had a significant impact on the environment. Wetlands act as natural water filters, helping to purify water by removing pollutants and sediments. The loss of wetlands has also had economic and social impacts. Wetlands provide a range of valuable resources, including timber, peat, fish, and wildlife, which support local economies and communities. The study recommended that the Canadian government should implement more stringent wetland protection policies and regulations. This could include increasing the amount of wetlands protected under legislation, improving enforcement measures, and establishing penalties for those who violate wetland protection regulations. Public education and outreach programs should be developed and implemented to raise awareness about the importance of wetlands and the negative impacts of human encroachment.

Keywords: Human Encroachment, Wetlands, Canada

Author Biographies

Barlow Liepert Kuijper, McGill University

Postgraduate Student, McGill University

Arnold Lloyd Wang , McGill University

Lecturer, McGill University

Ron Viersen Goodrich, McGill University

Lecturer, McGill University


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How to Cite

Kuijper, B. L. ., Wang , A. L. ., & Goodrich, R. V. . (2023). Effects of Human Encroachment on Wetlands: A Case of Boreal Shield, Canada. Journal of Agriculture, 7(1), 12–21. https://doi.org/10.53819/81018102t5173