Effect of Environmental Disasters on the Socio- Economic Livelihoods of the People; A Case of Musanze District in Rwanda


  • Morris S. Langama University of Lay Adventists of Kigali, Rwanda
  • Dr. Christophe Mupenzi (PhD) University of Lay Adventists of Kigali, Rwanda
  • Dr. Samuel Gad Habarurema (Msc, MA, MD, PhD) Southern New Hampshire University, Manchester, USA




The main purpose of this research is to examine the effect of environmental Disasters on socio-economic livelihoods in Musanze District, Rwanda. The research used descriptive research design with quantitative method where a systematic sampling technique was used to 400 respondents from selected sectors in Musanze, by the help of Solven formula. Data collection method involved use of the questionnaire and observational method while before actual process of data collection; the questionnaire was validated and made reliable through a pilot study. The results of the study have revealed a high concern (mean scores 3.740 to 4.040) for environmental Disasters such as water pollution and landslides. Perceptions show strong associations between Disasters and livelihoods (mean scores 3.750 to 4.100). Correlation analysis indicates significant positive relationships (p < 0.01) between Disasters and income, agriculture, and health services. Regression analysis suggests a weak relationship (4.8% variability explained) between Disasters and income but significant impacts on agriculture and health services provision (p < 0.05). Landslides notably affect agricultural productivity and health services (p < 0.05). This study underscores the urgent need for intervention in addressing environmental disasters in Musanze District. It highlights socio-economic challenges and advocates for comprehensive measures to improve healthcare access and economic stability. Integrated approaches are crucial, supported by correlation and regression analyses indicating the impact of disasters on income and livelihoods. Recommendations include awareness campaigns, regulatory enforcement, and collaborative efforts for sustainable development and community resilience.Top of Form

Keywords: Environmental Disasters, Inadequate Waste Management, Income levels, Landslides, Socio-economic livelihoods.

Author Biographies

Morris S. Langama, University of Lay Adventists of Kigali, Rwanda

Faculty of Environmental Studies, University of Lay Adventists of Kigali, Rwanda

Dr. Christophe Mupenzi (PhD), University of Lay Adventists of Kigali, Rwanda

Faculty of Environmental Studies, University of Lay Adventists of Kigali, Rwanda

Dr. Samuel Gad Habarurema (Msc, MA, MD, PhD), Southern New Hampshire University, Manchester, USA

Southern New Hampshire University, Manchester, USA


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How to Cite

Langama, M. S., Mupenzi , C., & Habarurema, S. G. (2024). Effect of Environmental Disasters on the Socio- Economic Livelihoods of the People; A Case of Musanze District in Rwanda. Journal of Agriculture & Environmental Sciences, 8(1), 37–50. https://doi.org/10.53819/81018102t2389