Challenge and Ethical Aspects of technological use in Rwanda Basic Education


  • Dr. Ntakirutimana Emmanuel University of Technology and Arts of Byumba
  • Munyaruhengeli Alpha Jean Pierre University of Technology and Arts of Byumba



The implication of artificial intelligence in education brought significant improvement to traditional models of teaching and learning processes. This paper was aiming at bringing to the right prospects, challenges and ethical aspects of technological use in Rwandan basic education.  Purposive non probability sampling technique was used to select study participants. Descriptive statistics and thematic approach were used to analyze collected quantitative and qualitative data. Effective creation and implementation of technological with various adaptive learning platforms (Liushuo in China, NLP in USA, PAM in Germany, Education Technology company Greekie in Brazil and M-shule in Kenya), Advanced data analytic platforms, the introduction of technological use as major course in universities, and Investment for technological use research were established as prospects of technological use at the level of 26.80%, 24.10%, 26%, and 23.10% respectively. Besides, other potential prospects like multi-source of data analysis and audio-Visio teaching and learning materials were revealed as key prospects of technological use. Fragile technological infrastructure, inadequate government expenditure in education, achievement gap in education, resistance to implement technological use and unprepared teacher for technological use implementation were found as challenges of technological use at 85%, 75%, 65%, 60%, 40% respectively. In addition, curriculum transition, culture and religion of some countries, resistance to change mindset were suggested as other challenges of technological use. Cultural integration; accountability; fairness, equity and affordability; security, and privacy were found out as the main ethical aspects of technological use at 33.3%, 28.6%, 14.3%, 14.3% 9.5% respectively. Increasingly Humanity, singularity, authentication and profitability, personal interests’ investment, humanitarianism, and solitary were suggested as ethical aspects of technological use. The paper recommends that technological use theorists carefully mitigate the impacts of technological use on humans.

Keywords: Technological use, ethical aspect and technological challenges

Author Biographies

Dr. Ntakirutimana Emmanuel , University of Technology and Arts of Byumba

Lecturer and Dean, Faculty of Education, University of Technology and Arts of Byumba, Rwanda

Munyaruhengeli Alpha Jean Pierre , University of Technology and Arts of Byumba

Assistant Lecturer, University of Technology and Arts of Byumba, Rwanda


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How to Cite

Ntakirutimana , E. ., & Pierre , M. A. J. . (2022). Challenge and Ethical Aspects of technological use in Rwanda Basic Education . Journal of Education, 5(5), 93–102.