Contribution of Poultry Farming Products on Farmer’s Socio-Economic Well-Being in Rwanda: A Case of Cooperative of Murambi Poultry Farming “COMUPOFA”


  • Mrs. Lilian Murekatete Mount Kenya University, Kigali, Rwanda
  • Dr. Jean de Dieu Khan Hakizimana Mount Kenya University, Kigali, Rwanda



The Rwanda's economy is largely based on agriculture, but many farmers remain distressed due to low productivity, small family land ownership, rapid population growth, and the use of local farming systems. Poultry production, as one part of livestock production, has a difficult toward miss benefit to add to the poultry sector and poultry are kept within rural areas for consumption and marketing. The objectives of the study were the following: to determine the contributions of poultry farming products, to examine the level of social wellbeing and its correlation. The methodology comprised of a descriptive research design, quantitative and qualitative approaches were used. Target population was 103 farmers of COMUPOFA and all of them were our sample. Sampling techniques used was purposive and census sampling techniques. Data collection instruments were questionnaires and interview guide. The findings revealed that poultry farming products contributed to the social wellbeing after joining the cooperative COMUPOFA as respondents said that eggs, meat and manure contributed to improve food and nutrition security (62.1%) and increased earning and savings (46.6%), increased job opportunities (51.5%), increased harvested crops (41.7%), paying school fees (44.7%), health insurance (41.7%) and poultry products contribute to gain of land, buildings, and equipment (40.8%). The challenges encountered by the farmers were identified: Vaccine, non-Quality and Accessibility (48.5%), large poultry feed prices (57.3%), presence of adulterated poultry food flooding at the market (40.8%), high start-up capital (45.6%), the issues of inclusion of antibiotics (50.5%) and the problem of inadequate water supply (43.7%). In addition, there was correlation between production of eggs, meats and manure and socio-economic wellbeing of farmers characterized by payment of health services, payment of education services, contribution to food and nutrition security and increased income demonstrated by increased of earning and savings. Therefore, since the results of the study showed that there is a significant and positive correlation between poultry products (eggs, meat, and manure) and socio-economic wellbeing among farmers. It is very paramount to conclude that the production of poultry products is positively associated with the ability to pay for health and education services, contribute towards food and nutrition security, and increase earnings and savings. Therefore, the study suggests that investing in poultry farming may have positive socio-economic impacts on the livelihoods of farmers. It is in this regard, the cooperative staff, NGOs, and Government agents should continue mobilizing the young people to join or create the cooperative for better improving the level of well-being and continue influencing the community to invest in livestock farming to improve their well-being.

Keywords: Poultry Farming Products, Farmer’s Socio-Economic Well-Being, Cooperative of Murambi Poultry Farming, COMUPOFA, Rwanda

Author Biographies

Mrs. Lilian Murekatete, Mount Kenya University, Kigali, Rwanda

School of Social Sciences, Master of Development Studies, Mount Kenya University, Kigali, Rwanda

Dr. Jean de Dieu Khan Hakizimana, Mount Kenya University, Kigali, Rwanda

Mount Kenya University, Kigali, Rwanda


Abdelqader, A., Wollny, C. B. A & Gauly, M. (2007). Characterization of local chicken production system and potential under different level of management practice in Jordan. Journal of Tropical Animal Health and Production 39 (1), 55–164.

Abubakar, M.B., Ambali, A.G. and Tamjdo, T. (2007). Rural chicken production: Effects of gender on ownership, and management responsibilities in some parts of Nigeria and Cameroon. International Journal of Poultry Science 6(6), 413–416.

Adepoju, O. O. (2018). Primary Health Care in South West Nigeria: Evaluating service quality and patients' satisfaction. African Journal of Science, Technology, Innovation and Development, 10(1), 13-19.

Assefa, M., & Tolemariam, T. (2015). Characterization of village chicken production and marketing system in dedo woreda, jimma zone, south west Ethiopia (Doctoral dissertation).

Assefa, T. (2007). Poultry management practices and on farm performance evaluation of Rhode Island Red, Fayomy and Local chicken in Umbulo Wachu water shade in Sidama zone. MSc thesis. Hawassa University, Hawassa, Ethiopia. 126 pp.

Awol, Z. (2010). Analysis of Poultry Market Chain: The case of Dale and Alaba ‘special’ woredas of SNNPRS, Ethiopia

Dessie, T. & Ogle, B. (2001). Village poultry production systems in the central highlands of Ethiopia. Tropical Animal Health and Production. 33 (6): 521- 37

Doviet, M. (2005). Effect of supplementation, breed, season and location on feed intake and performance of scavenging chickens in Vietnam. PhD thesis. Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences. 45 pp.

Dye, C., & Williams, B. G. (2010). The population dynamics and control of tuberculosis. Science, 328(5980), 856-861.

El-Sayed, R.E.S. M. (2018). Smallholders Adoption of Different Management Intervention Packages In Rural Poultry Production Systems. Cu Theses.

Eugene, M., Janvier, M., Tuyisenge, E. N., & Lonzy, O. (2020). Assessment of Poultry Production System in Rwanda, A Case Study in Nyagatare District. American Journal of Animal and Veterinary Sciences, 15(1), 1–9.

Gondwe, T.N.P. (2004). Characterization of local chicken in low input–low output production systems: Is there scope for appropriate production and breeding strategies in Malawi? PhD thesis. Georg- August-Universität Göttingen, Germany. 184 pp

Gueye, E.F. (2003). Poverty alleviation, food security and the well-being of the human population through family poultry in low-income food-deficit countries. Senegalese Institute of Agricultural research (ISRA), Dakar-hann, Senega

Henry, H. (2019). Analysis of Rwandan Smallholder Poultry Farmer Needs in Production Manuals. Poultry Science Undergraduate Honors Theses Retrieved from

Halima, H.M. (2007). Phenotypic and genetic characterization of indigenous chicken populations in northwest Ethiopia. PhD thesis. Faculty of Natural and Agricultural Sciences, Department of Animal, Wildlife and Grassland Sciences, University of the Free State, Bloemfontein, South Africa

Kabir, M. S., Asaduzzaman, M., & Dev, D. S. (2015). Livelihood improvement through family poultry farming in Mymensingh district. Journal of the Bangladesh Agricultural University, 13(2), 247-254.

Kar, S. P., & Jacobson, M. G. (2012). NTFP income contribution to household economy and related socio-economic factors: Lessons from Bangladesh. Forest Policy and Economics, 14(1), 136-142.

Koppel, K., Timberg, L., Shalimov, R., Vázquez-Araújo, L., Carbonell-Barracchina, A. A., Di Donfrancesco, B., & Chambers IV, E. (2015). PurchaseJournal of Agricultural Research, 11(8), 718-723.

Madsen, J. M., Zimmermann, N. G., Timmons, J., & Tablante, N. L. (2013). Avian influenza seroprevalence and biosecurity risk factors in Maryland backyard poultry: a cross-sectional study. PLoS One, 8(2), e56851.

Mappigau, P., & Lestari, V. S. (2020). Knowledge of technology poultry production and entrepreneurship for development of indigenous chicken farms. Kuwait Chapter of the Arabian Journal of Business and Management Review, 9(3), 111-118.

Mengesha, M., Tamir, B., and Dessie, T. (2008). Socio-economical contribution and labor allocation of village chicken production in Jamma district, South Wollo, Ethiopia. Livestock Research for Rural Development, 20(10), 2008.

Muchenje, V. & Manzini, M.M, Sibanda, S & Makuza, S.M. (2000). Socio-economic and biological issues to consider in smallholder poultry development and research in southern Africa in the new Millennium. A paper presented at the regional conference on animal agriculture and crisis mitigation in livestock dependent systems in southern Africa, 30 October to 1 November 2000, at Malawi Institute of Management, Lilongwe, Malawi. pp. 134–144.

Odunsi, A.A. (2003). Assessment of Lablab leaf meal as a feed ingredient and yolk colouring agent in the diet of layers. International Journal of Poultry Science, 2(1):71–74

Ranjha, A. N., Bukhari, S. M. H., Roofi, Y., Shahzad, A., & Ali, A. (2016). Empowerment of Smallholder Communities through Livestock in Periphery Areas of Cholistan Desert, Bahawalpur, Pakistan. Pakistan Journal of Life & Social Sciences, 14(3), 33-41.

Samson, L., Endalew, B. (2010). Survey on Village Based Chicken Production and Utilization System in Mid Rift Valley of Oromia, Ethiopia. Global Veterinary 5(4):198-203.

Tadelle, D. (2001). The role of scavenging poultry in integrated farming systems in Ethiopia. Debre Zeit Agricultural Research Center, Debre Zeit, Ethiopia. Livestock feed resources within integrated farming systems. pp. 377–399. (Available from resources/documents/frg/conf96pdf/tadelle.pdf) (Accessed on 2 March 2023)

Tadelle, D., Kijora, C., & Peters, K. J. (2003). Indigenous chicken ecotypes in Ethiopia: growth and feed utilization potentials. International Journal of Poultry Science, 2(2), 144-152.

Vaarst, M., Steenfeldt, S., & Horsted, K. (2015). Sustainable development perspectives of poultry production. World's poultry science journal, 71(4), 609-620.

Vernooij, A., Van, M. J., & dos Anjos, M. (2016). Livestock Development in the Zambezi Valley, Mozambique: Poultry, Dairy and Beef Production. Wegeningen University and Research. Wageningen: Centre for Development Innovation.

Yusuf, T. M., Tiamiyu, S. A., & Aliu, R. O. (2016). Financial analysis of poultry production in Kwara State, Nigeria. African Tilman, V. Narciso, M. L. Carvalho and P. D. Henriques (2013). The Livestock Roles in the Wellbeing of Rural Communities of Timor-Lest.




How to Cite

Murekatete, L., & Hakizimana, J. de D. K. (2023). Contribution of Poultry Farming Products on Farmer’s Socio-Economic Well-Being in Rwanda: A Case of Cooperative of Murambi Poultry Farming “COMUPOFA”. Journal of Entrepreneurship & Project Management, 7(3), 106–118.