Stakeholders Participation and Implementation of Non-Governmental Organization Education Project in Rwanda; A Case of Teaching Assistantship Project


  • Mrs. Aline ISHIMWE Mount Kenya University, Kigali, Rwanda
  • Prof. Edwin Odhuno Mount Kenya University, Kigali, Rwanda



The research examined stakeholders’ participation in implementing NGO education projects in Rwanda, specifically looking at monitoring and evaluation, project communication, project planning, and project implementation within IEE Rwanda. The research process involved conducting a literature review, empirical review, and data collection from a target population of 234 individuals, including IEE staff, District Directors of Education, Headteachers, and Directors/Deans of Studies, The main aim of this study was to improve research skills for future field research and examine the importance of monitoring and evaluation (M&E) in the successful implementation of the IEE TAP project in Rwanda. The study findings demonstrated that M&E was vital to the project's success. This was evident from the overall mean score of 4.384, obtained from a Likert scale of 4, indicating a strong consensus among the participants regarding the significance of M&E in project implementation. The correlation analysis further supported these results by showing positive relationships, with all calculated p-values being statistically significant at a level below 0.05. These findings highlight the positive impact of project M&E on the successful execution of educational projects by NGOs in Rwanda. Additionally, the study explored the relationship between project planning and project implementation. The results indicated that project planning significantly contributed to the successful execution of the IEE TAP project in Rwanda. The overall mean score of 4.175 indicated a consensus among the respondents regarding the importance of project planning. The correlation analysis reinforced these findings, with all p-values indicating positive and significant relationships below the 0.05 level. This underscores the significance of effective project planning in enhancing the outcomes of development projects in the education sector, specifically within Rwanda. The results revealed that project communication was a crucial responsibility in successfully implementing the IEE TAP project in Rwanda. The overall mean score of 3.919 indicated agreement among respondents regarding the importance of project communication. The correlation analysis further confirmed these findings, with all p-values being positive and significant below 0.05. This emphasizes the importance of effective project communication for achieving successful outcomes in education sector projects in Rwanda. Overall, the study findings suggest the study findings demonstrated that effective stakeholder action has a substantial and constructive influence on the successful execution of NGO education projects in Rwanda. Project managers are advised to promote the participation of all stakeholders to enhance project implementation. These findings contribute to the existing knowledge on NGO project management in Rwanda and have practical implications for NGOs aiming to improve project outcomes in the education sector.

Keywords: Stakeholders Participation, Non – Governmental Organization, Education Project, Teaching Assistantship Project, Rwanda.                                             

Author Biographies

Mrs. Aline ISHIMWE, Mount Kenya University, Kigali, Rwanda

Department, Business Administration, Mount Kenya University, Rwanda

Prof. Edwin Odhuno, Mount Kenya University, Kigali, Rwanda

Department, Business Administration, Mount Kenya University, Rwanda


Adan I. (2012). Influence Of Stakeholder’s Role on Performance of Constituencies Development Fund Projects5: A Case of Isiolo North Constituency, Kenya. Unpublished Master’s Thesis, University Of Nairobi

Aga, D. A., Noorderhaven, N., & Vallejo, B. (2018). Project beneficiary participation and behavioral intentions promoting project sustainability: The mediating role of psychological ownership. Development Policy Review, 36(5), 527-546.

Hamilton A. (2011). Managing Projects for Success: A Trilogy. Thomas Telford Publishing Ltd.

Brock A. E. (2006). The Development of A Project Management Methodology For Peace Corps Mauritania. Master Thesis, Michigan Technological University

Chino, E., & Olomolaiye, P. (2010). Introducing stakeholder management. Construction stakeholder management, 1.

Christophe N. Bredillet (2011). Special Pmi Research Conference 2006 Edition, the Professional Research Journal of the Project Management Institute, Volume 37, Number 3

Cross, R., Borgatti, S. P., & Parker, A. (2002). Making invisible work visible: Using social network analysis to support strategic collaboration. California management review, 44(2), 25-46.

Dharmayat, K. I. (2019). Sustainability of ‘mHealth’ interventions in sub-Saharan Africa: a stakeholder analysis of an electronic community case management project in Malawi. Malawi Medical Journal, 31(3), 177-183.

Duggan, T. (2019) Why Is Risk Management Important to Project Success?

Fraenkel, J. R., & Wallen, N.E. (2003). How To Design and Evaluate Research In Education? McGraw-Hill, New York.

Galaz, P. (2017). Influence of stakeholders’ involvement on project outcomes. A case of water, sanitation, and hygiene (wash) project in Rwanda. European Journal of Business and Social Sciences, 6(6), 195-206.

Germ J., Tristan M. & Nitya R. (2016). Different Stakeholders in Education, Compare A Journal Of Comparative And International Education.

International Development Projects: Case Studies. Master Thesis, UMEA UNIVERSITY, UMEA School of Business, Sweden.

Isham, J., & Kähkönen, S. (2012). Institutional determinants of the impact of community-based water services: Evidence from Sri Lanka and India. Economic development and cultural change, 50(3), 667-691.

Kabiru B. (2017). Project Management in Education: Tools and Techniques. Lap Lambert Academic Publishing, Nigeria

Kothari, C. R., (2004). Research Methodology: Methods and Techniques. (2nd Revised Edition) New Age International Publishers, India.

Krishnaswamy, K.N., Sivakumar, A. L., & Mathirajan, M. (2009). Management Research Methodology: Integration of Principles, Methods, and Techniques. Dorling Kindersley Pvt Ltd., India, Delhi.

Ladkin, A., & Fletcher, J. (2005). Stakeholder collaboration and heritage management. Annals of tourism research, 32(1), 28-48.

Laterite F. (2019). Teaching Assistantships Project Baseline Data Analysis, Kigali – Rwanda

Laura T. (2018). The Role of Non-Governmental Organizations in Global Education: A Case Study on Sub-Saharan Africa. Thesis, University of Mississippi.

Leaders in Teaching Initiative (2019) Study Strategies and Personal Development: Teaching Assistantships Project, Iee Rwanda

Magness, V. (2008). Who are the stakeholders now? An empirical examination of the Mitchell, Agle, and Wood theory of stakeholder salience. Journal of business ethics, 83(2), 177-192.

Mahmoud R., M., Marthandan, G., & Yusoff, W. F. W. (2015). Managing for stakeholders: the role of stakeholder-based management in project success. Asian Social Science, 11(3), 111.

Majid Et Al. (2018). Research Fundamentals: Study Design, Population, and Sample Size. Undergraduate Research in Natural and Clinical Science and Technology (Urncst) Journal, Volume 2, Issue 1

Michael B. (2020) The Role Of Ngos In Supporting Education In Africa. Journal of International and Comparative Education, 2020, Volume 9, Issue 1, Issn 2232-1802

Mitchell, R. K., Lee, J. H., & Agle, B. R. (2017). Stakeholder prioritization work: The role of stakeholder salience in stakeholder research. In Stakeholder Management. Emerald Publishing Limited.

Mohammad A. K, Md. Aminul Islam & Anees Janee Ali (2014) .Educational Development of Ngo Beneficiaries in Bangladesh: A Disjunction Between Programmes And Implementation. Canadian Center Of Science And Education, Vol. 10, No. 22; 2014 - Issn 1911-2017 E-Issn 1911-2025, Doi:10.5539/Ass.V10n22p57

Moodley, K. (2017). Legitimacy, trust and stakeholder engagement: biobanking in South Africa. Asian Bioethics Review, 9(4), 325-334.

Neeta K. (2016). The Role of Ngo’s In Education System, Episteme Journal, India. Volume 5, Issue 3 December 2016 Bcac-Issn-2278-8794

Neville, C. (2007). Introduction to Research and Research Methods: Effective Learning Service. Bradford University, School Of Management. Retrieved On 21st February 2021

Nguyen H. and Aguilera P. (2010). Key Stakeholders´ Impacts on the Implementation Phase

Nishen R. (2017). Contributions of Ngos towards Primary Education With Special Reference To East District Of Sikkim. Masters’ unpublished master Thesis, Sikkim University, Gangtok Sikkim, India

Nizeyimana, G. (2013). Student Engagement in Teacher Education at the Kigali Institute Of Education In Rwanda. Unpublished PhD Thesis, University Of Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa.

Odera, P., & Okenyi, S. (2006). Educational Research Methods, Kie, Kigali. P.29

Osuji, C. (2014). Capacity Building of Teachers As A Strategy In Bridging The Gap In Nigerian Educational System. African Education Indices Vol. 7 No. 1, Rivers State University of Science and Technology, Nigeria.

Otieno, F. A. O. (2010). The roles of monitoring and evaluation in projects. In 2nd International Conference on Construction in Developing Countries: Challenges facing the construction industry in developing countries (pp. 15-17).

Ottesen, E. (2006). Talk In Practice: Analysing Student Teachers’ And Mentors’ Discourse In Internship. Unpublished PhD Thesis, University Of Oslo.

Patrinos H., Osorio F. B. and Juliana G. (2009). The Role And Impact Of Public – Private – Partnership In Education. The International Bank For Reconstruction And Development, The World Bank. Washington Dc

Project Management Institute (1996) A Guide To The Project Management Body Of Knowledge, USA

Reese, D. Y. (2008). The Impact Of Secondary Education Programs On Academic Achievement, Technical Skill Development, And Social Growth. Dissertation For Doctor Of Philosophy, Capella University, USA. P.2

Rencp (2011) Study To Develop A Sustainable Mechanism To Support Local NGOs Contributing To The Development Of The Education Sector In Rwanda. Official Report Commissioned By Snv Netherlands Development Organisation.

Roque R. J. And Marly M.C. (2013) Understanding The Impact Of Project Risk Management On Project Performance: An Empirical Study. Journal Of Technology, Management, And Innovation, Volume 8, Special Issue Altec. Issn: 0718-2724.

Shahzad Naeem Et Al (2018). Impact Of Project Planning On Project Success With Mediating Role Of Risk Management And Moderating Role Of Organizational Culture. International Journal Of Business And Social Science, Volume 9, Number 1, Issn 2219-1933 (Print), 2219-6021

Sońta-Drączkowska E. (2015) Project Management As Communications Management. Diese Publikation Wurde Gedruckt Mit Unterstutzung Der Universitat Warschau, Issn: 2192 – 7820; Isbn: 978 – 3 – 631 – 66022 – 5

Taleb, H., Ismail, S., Wahab, M. H., Mardiah, W. N., Rani, W. M., & Amat, R. C. (2017). An overview of project communication management in construction industry projects. Journal of Management, Economics, and Industrial Organization, 1(1), 1-8.

Umhlaba Development Services (2017) Introduction To Monitoring And Evaluation: Using The Logical Framework Approach, Johannesburg, South Africa.

Warda G.(2015) .Role Of Ngos In Education From Pakistani Context. Risus - Journal On Innovation And Sustainability, Volume 6, Número 2 – 2015, Issn: 2179-3565

Zulch, B. G. (2014). Communication skills impact sustainable and green project management. In Proceedings of the World Sustainable Building (SB14) Conference (Vol. 5, pp. 676-682).




How to Cite

ISHIMWE , A., & Odhuno, E. (2023). Stakeholders Participation and Implementation of Non-Governmental Organization Education Project in Rwanda; A Case of Teaching Assistantship Project. Journal of Entrepreneurship & Project Management, 7(13), 95–120.