Effect of Donor Funding on Effective Implementation of Wind Power Projects in Kenya


  • Abdullahi Gira Ali Jomo Kenyatta University of Agriculture and Technology




Energy is crucial for economic and social development, acting as a key indicator and providing vital inputs for progress. The African continent has abundant energy resources, which still remains untapped. It is estimated that 60% of the population have no access to electricity in Kenya. The Least Cost Power Development Plan 2010-2030 report indicates a low implementation rate of 53% for many wind power projects, with issues such as land acquisition hindering progress. For example, the Kinangop Wind Park in Nyandarua County, proposed in 2012 and due for completion by mid-2015, remains frozen due to such challenges. The objective of the study was to assess how donor funding affect effective implementation of wind power projects in Kenya. The study was grounded on resource-based view theory. The study used descriptive survey research design. The target population was 128 stakeholders. The study conducted a pretest using a 10% sample, comprising of 13 randomly selected respondents from the project stakeholders. Stratified random sampling was used to select the respondents. The unit of observation were community leaders, donors, project managers and government agents. The study used primary data gathered by use of a structured and semi-structured questionnaire. The results reveal that donor funding has a positive and significant relationship with the effective implementation of wind power projects in Kenya. The study recommends that for donor funds be channeled, Kenya as a country to be performing better hence encouraging policy reform incentives. Kenya should therefore manage donor project in a way that they will be satisfied. An increased collaboration and networking among development partners could lead to a more integrated approach, thereby increasing the overall effectiveness of donor funding.

Keywords: Donor funding, implementation, wind power projects, Kenya

Author Biography

Abdullahi Gira Ali, Jomo Kenyatta University of Agriculture and Technology

Postgraduate student, Jomo Kenyatta University of Agriculture and Technology


Abou-Assi, K. (2013). Integrating resource dependency theory and theory of weak ties to understand organizational behaviour. In Public Management Research Conference. Madison, United States of America. June (pp. 20-22).

Abuzeid, F. (2009). Foreign Aid and the" Big Push" Theory: Lessons from Sub-Saharan Africa. Stanford Journal of international relations, 11(1), 16-23.

All Africa Energy Week (2012). Renewable Energy and Electricity Prices in Africa. Economics for Energy, working paper WP01, 2012

Boenigk, S., &Helmig, B. (2013). Why do donors donate? Examining the effects of organizational identification and identity salience on the relationships among satisfaction, loyalty, and donation behavior. Journal of Service Research, 16(4), 533-548. https://doi.org/10.1177/1094670513486169

Boyle, G. (2004). Renewable Energy. Oxford University Press. Boyle, G. (ed) (2004). Renewable energy: Power for a sustainable future, 2nd edition, London: Instream Needs Sub-Group Report. Work Group C. Water. 35 pp.

Brass, J. N. (2012). Why do NGOs go where they go? Evidence from Kenya. World Development, 40(2), 387-401. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.worlddev.2011.07.017

Commission of the European Communities (2007). Did the financial crisis lead to changes in private equity investor preferences regarding renewable energy and climate policies? Energy Policy, 47, 111-116. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.enpol.2012.04.029

Commission Proposal COM (2000) 796 final; IPCC, 2007; Mallon, 2006.

Cronbach, L. J. (1951). Coefficient alpha and the internal structure of tests. Psychometrika, Vol. 22(3), pp. 297-334. https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02310555

Geller, H. (2003). Energy Revolution, Polices for a Sustainable Future. Island Press.

Green, P.G. & Haines, A. (2008), Asset Building & Community Development

Kelly, G. (2007), Renewable energy strategies in England, Australia and New Zealand. Science, 37, 326-338. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.geoforum.2006.08.002

Kiara, C. K. (2013). Determinants that influence the implementation of infrastructure development projects in renewable energy sector in Kenya: A case Of Kenya Electricity Generating Company Limited (Doctoral dissertation, University of Nairobi,).

Kiplagat, J. K., Wang, R. Z., & Li, T. X. (2011). Renewable energy in Kenya: Resource potential and status of exploitation. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 15(6), 2960-2973. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.rser.2011.03.023

Kippenberger T. (2010) Leading Project Teams, Antidote, vol. 5, pp.17-20. https://doi.org/10.1108/EUM0000000006783

Kombo, D.K. & Tromp, L.A. (2006). Proposal and Thesis Writing: An Introduction. Nairobi: Paulines Publications Africa

Kothari, C. (2004). Research Methodology: Methods & Techniques, 2nd edition. New age International Publishers, New Delhi, India.

Leva E. & Zaninelli, P. (2006). Occurrence of negative prices on the German spot market for electricity and their influence on balancing power markets.

LTWP, (2014). "Lake Turkana Wind Power Station: Project Profile". Lake Turkana Wind Power (LTWP).

Mallon, K. (2006). Renewable energy policy and politics: a handbook for decision-making. Earthscan.

Maynard, J. E., Lovecraft, A., Rose, C., & Chapin III, T. (2010). Factors influencing the development of wind power in rural Alaska communities (Doctoral dissertation, MSc Thesis, University of Alaska Fairbanks. Fairbanks, Alaska)

McCormick, T. (2007). Coordination of carbon reduction and renewable energy support policies. Climate Policy, 8, 377-394. https://doi.org/10.3763/cpol.2007.0361

Mugenda, O. M., & Mugenda, A. G. (2008). Research Methods: Quantitative and Qualitative Approaches, Acts Press, Nairobi-Kenya

Mugenda, O. M., & Mugenda, A. G. (2003). Research Methods: Quantitative and Qualitative Approaches. Nairobi: ACTS.

Need, W. C. D. H. P. (2006). Human resource management: Gaining a competitive advantage.

Ogari, W. O. (2012). Influence of community participation in the sustainable implementation of health projects: a case of Borabu Division, Nyamira County (Doctoral dissertation, University of Nairobi, Kenya).

Sargeant, A. (2011). Relationship fundraising: How to keep donors loyal. Nonprofit Management and Leadership, 12(2), 177-192. https://doi.org/10.1002/nml.12204

Shukor, F. S. A., Mohammed, A. H., Sani, S. I. A., & Awang, M. (2011, June). A review on the success factors for community participation in solid waste management. In Proceeding of International Conference on Management (ICM, 2011). Penang, Malaysia.

Too, D. (2015). Influence of donor funds disbursement procedures on project implementation in Kenya: the case of NGOs in Nairobi County (Doctoral dissertation, University of Nairobi).

World Energy Council (2003), Energy for Tomorrow’s World, the Realities, the Real Options, and the Agents for Achievement.

Zervos, J. (2007), “Infrastructure and Poverty in Vietnam.” LSMS Working Paper No. 121. The World Bank. Washington, D.C.




How to Cite

Ali, A. G. (2023). Effect of Donor Funding on Effective Implementation of Wind Power Projects in Kenya. Journal of Entrepreneurship & Project Management, 7(15), 173–184. https://doi.org/10.53819/81018102t5300