Transformational Leadership and Organizational Survival in Deposit Money Banks in Port Harcourt


  • Jonah, Charles Tambari (PhD) University of Port Harcourt Choba, Rivers State, Nigeria



This research examined transformational leadership and organizational survival in deposit money banks in Port Harcourt, Nigeria. A review of literature was undertaken with particular reference to transformational leadership being characterized in specific variables like idealized influence and inspirational motivation, while organizational survival was viewed from adaptability and flexibility. The reviews show that much of the works that was done in this area of study connoted a positive and significant influence. The study adopted the correlational research study and a cross-sectional design. Random sampling technique was adopted and a total of 200 workers were sampled. A total of 20 deposit money banks’ branches in Port Harcourt were studied. The research instrument for this study was a structured questionnaire. The collected responses from the questionnaire were used in testing the formulated hypotheses through the Spearman Rank Correlation statistics. The study revealed that idealized influence and inspirational motivation all positively and significantly influences adaptability and flexibility respectively. Following the findings, the study concluded that transformational leadership positively and significantly impacts on organizational survival. These findings gave the following recommendations, that; organizations should use every means to influence and inspire each employee so as to keep them readily adaptable and flexible to the organizational needs, goals and objectives.

Keywords: Adaptability, Flexibility, Idealized Influence, Inspirational Motivation, Organizational Survival, Transformational Leadership

Author Biography

Jonah, Charles Tambari (PhD), University of Port Harcourt Choba, Rivers State, Nigeria

Department of Management, Faculty of Management Sciences


Adesina, A. S. (2013). Business Environmental Factors: Implications on the survival and growth of business organisations in the manufacturing sector of Lagos metropolis. Business and Management Research, 2(3), 32- 41.

Akani, C. (2015). Management Succession Planning and Corporate Survival in Nigeria: Study of Banks in Port Harcourt European Journal of Business and Management, 2(3), 13-39.

Al-Haddad, S., & Kotnour, T. (2015). Integrating the organizational change literature: A model for successful change. Journal of Organizational Change Management, 28, 234-262.

Almutairi, D. O. (2016). The mediating effects of organizational commitment on the relationship between transformational leadership style and job performance. International Journal of Business and Management, 11, 231–241.

Al-Qura’an, A. (2015). The impact of transformational leadership on organizational change management: Case study at Jordan Ali Bank. Journal of Business and Management, 17(12), 1-7.

Antonio J. Verdú., & José-María, Gómez-Gras (2009). Measuring the organizational responsiveness through managerial flexibility. Journal of Organizational Change Management, 22(6), 668-690.

Atmojo, M. (2015). The influence of transformational leadership on job satisfaction, organizational commitment, and employee performance. International Research Journal of Business Studies, 5, 113-128.

Bass, B. M., & Avolio, B. J. (1990). Transformational leadership development: Manual for the multifactor leadership questionnaire. Palo Alto, CA: Consulting Psychologists Press.

Bass, B. M., & Avolio, B. J. (1991). The multifactor leadership questionnaire: Form 5x. Binhampton, NY: Center for Leadership Studies, State University of New York.

Bass, B. M., & Avolio, B. J. (1994). Transformational leadership and organizational culture. The International Journal of Public Administration, 17, 541-554.

Bass, B. M., & Avolio, B. J. (2004). Multifactor leadership questionnaire: Manual and sampler set. Redwood City, CA: Mind Garden, Inc.

Bass, B. M., & Riggio, R. (2006). Transformational leadership. Mahwah, N.J.: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates Publishers.

Bono, J.E. & Judge, T.A. (2004). Personality and Transformational and Transactional Leadership: A Meta-Analysis. Journal of Applied Psychology, 89(5), 901-910.

Dekoulou, P., & Trivellas, P. (2015). Measuring the Impact of Learning Organization on Job Satisfaction and Individual Performance in Greek Advertising Sector. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, 175, 367-375.

Harter, J. K., Schmidt, F. L., & Keyes, C. L. M. (2002). Well-being in the workplace and its relationship to business outcomes: A review of the Gallup studies. Flourishing: Positive Psychology and the Life Well-Lived., 205–224.

Judge, T. A., & Piccolo, R. F. (2004). Transformational and transactional leadership: A meta-analytic test of their relative validity. Journal of Applied Psychology, 89, 755-768.

Kark, R., Shamir, D., & Chen, D. R. (2013). Motivated or demotivated to be creative: The role of self‐regulatory focus in transformational and transactional leadership Processes. Applied Psychology, 67, 186-224.

López, S., Peón, J., & Ordás, C. (2004). Managing knowledge: the link between culture and organizational learning. Journal Of Knowledge Management, 8(6), 93-104. doi: 10.1108/13673270410567657.

Mellert, L. D., Scherbaum, C., Oliveira, J., & Wilke, B. (2015). Examining the relationship between organizational change and financial loss. Journal of Organizational Change Management, 28, 59–71.

Mumford, M. D., Zaccaro, S. J., Harding, F. D., Jacobs, T. O., & Fleishman, E. A. (2000). Leadership skills for a changing world: Solving complex social problems. Leadership Quarterly, 11, 11-35.

Nwosu, H.E. (2014). Succession planning and corporate survival: A study of selected Nigeria Firms. The International Journal of Business & Management, 2(9), 74.

Ogunro, V. O. (2011). Nigeria’s business environment: Issues and challenges. International Journal of Academic Research in Business and Social Sciences, 4(4), 132 – 138.

Piccolo, R.F. & Colquitt, J.A. (2006). Transformational leadership and job behaviors: The mediating role of core job characteristics. The Academy of Management Journal, 49(2), 327-340.

Sanyal, S., & Sett, P. K. (2011). Applying real options theory to HRM: An empirical study of IT software firms in India. The International Journal of Human Resource Management, 22(1), 72- 102.

Sanyal, S., & Sett, P. K. (2011). Managing human resources in dynamic environments to create value: role of HR options. The International Journal of Human Resource Management, 22(9), 1918-1941.

Zajac, E.J., Kraatz, M.S., & Bresser, R.K.F. (2000). Modeling the dynamics of strategic fit: A normative approach to strategic change. Strategic Management Journal, 21(4), 429-453.




How to Cite

Jonah, C. T. (2022). Transformational Leadership and Organizational Survival in Deposit Money Banks in Port Harcourt. Journal of Human Resource & Leadership, 6(5), 32–41.