A Resource Based View of Curriculum Implementation: Evidence from Primary Schools in Marakwet West, Elgeiyo Marakwet County, Kenya


  • Michael Biwott Kisii University, Kenya.
  • Dr. Andrew Kimutai Kimwolo Moi University, Kenya.


Pedagogy,, Curriculum Implementation, Employees,, Financial Factors, Schools.


This paper aimed to determine the effect of teacher pupil ratio and variability of resources on curriculum implementation in Marakwet West Sub-county, Egeiyo Marakwet County Schools. Descriptive statistics were used to analyze data involving 2400 school managers, teachers and parents among the primary schools in Marakwet West Sub-County, Elgeiyo Marakwet County. The study findings showed a positive effect of teacher-student ration and variability of resources on curriculum implementation amongst the primary schools in the sub-county. The cross-sectional nature of collection of data weakens the author's claim of causality between the variables in focus. Similarly, the descriptive analysis done could not provide the real effects as the variability and causality of the variables could not be determined with such statistics. The study recommended that school managers need to uphold teacher-student ratio and variability of resources which would improve curriculum implementation in those schools. Besides, schools should emphasize on the teacher- student ratio and variability of resources while delivering their curriculum in order to be assured of effectiveness. Teacher-student ratio and variability of resources have an impact on effective curriculum implementation among schools, hence the society benefits from such implementation. The school stakeholders should strive to improve on them for societal benefits. This was the first study to investigate a linear relationship between teacher-student ratio and variability of resources on curriculum implementation among schools in Marakwet West sub-county, Elgeiyo Marakwet County.

Author Biographies

Michael Biwott, Kisii University, Kenya.

School of Education, Department of Curriculum development.

Dr. Andrew Kimutai Kimwolo, Moi University, Kenya.

Department of Management Science, School of Business and Economics.


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How to Cite

Biwott, M., & Kimwolo, D. A. K. (2020). A Resource Based View of Curriculum Implementation: Evidence from Primary Schools in Marakwet West, Elgeiyo Marakwet County, Kenya. Journal of Human Resource & Leadership, 4(2), 1–13. Retrieved from https://stratfordjournals.org/journals/index.php/journal-of-human-resource/article/view/498