Mediating Effects of Workplace Culture on Leadership style and Performance of State Departments of Kenya


  • Judith Emboyi Bwonya Management University of Africa
  • Martin Ogutu University of Nairobi
  • Washington O Okeyo Management University of Africa


Workplace culture plays a primary function in modeling the behavior and performance of the firm through the collective efforts of individual members of the organization. Studies have emphasized that Workplace culture is an integrating force that pulls organizational behavior in the direction desired by management. Consequently, managers make deliberate efforts toward developing performance-driven Workplace culture. Workplace culture also reflects how it is perceived by the external entities, its values and social standards, as well as its relationship forms and levels with other organizations and individuals. This paper sought to assess the effect of workplace culture on the relationship between leadership style and performance. This paper reviewed effects of Workplace culture and its impact on organizational performance, through an analysis of existing empirical studies and models linking with workplace culture and performance. Pursuant to the analysis of wide literature, it is found that workplace culture has a deep impact on the variety of organizations' processes, employees and its performance. The study adopted a cross-sectional survey research design. The study targeted the 40 State Departments in 21 Ministries in Kenya. The study used purely primary data. Primary data was collected through questionnaires. Inferential and descriptive statistics were employed. The data analysis was done using quantitative techniques. The findings revealed a statistically significant relationship between leadership style and performance. The study also revealed a positive relationship between organisation culture and performance. The study recommends that leaders should motivate and raise the morale of team members by using several methods that connect the leader, team members and workers to take a greater sense of self identity in the organization and the collective identity of the organization. The study further recommends that future studies could therefore focus on the same study but in other sectors different from service delivery.

Keywords: Leadership Style, Workplace culture, Organizational Performance

Author Biographies

Judith Emboyi Bwonya, Management University of Africa

Management and Leadership, School of Management and Leadership, The Management University of Africa, Kenya

Martin Ogutu, University of Nairobi

Management, Department of Business Administration, School of Business, University of Nairobi, Kenya

Washington O Okeyo, Management University of Africa

Vice-Chancellor and Senior Lecturer, Management and Leadership, School of Management and Leadership, The Management University of Africa, Kenya


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How to Cite

Bwonya, J. E., Ogutu, M., & Okeyo, W. O. (2020). Mediating Effects of Workplace Culture on Leadership style and Performance of State Departments of Kenya. Journal of Human Resource & Leadership, 4(6), 1–22. Retrieved from