Racial, Income, Political, Tax and Healthcare Disparities in the United States of America: Thematic Literature Review

  • Amy Kimberly University of California
  • Wyatt Cooper University of California


By covering the themes of racial disparities, political disparities, income, tax, and healthcare, it is possible to understand how institutional racism was ingrained in immigration policy and how this racism affects other critical areas. This literature review clearly shows that immigration policy was engineered to create an underclass of workers who would be willing to work under hard conditions while receiving relatively lower wages. Immigration policy has, however, not evolved to address the changing American society, which requires more inclusion and protection of rights, including those of immigrant workers. There is, therefore, the need for comprehensive immigration reform to address the challenges that characterize the current system.

Keywords: Racial, Political, Tax & Healthcare

Author Biographies

Amy Kimberly, University of California

University of California

Wyatt Cooper, University of California

University of California


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How to Cite
Kimberly, A., & Cooper, W. (2021). Racial, Income, Political, Tax and Healthcare Disparities in the United States of America: Thematic Literature Review. Journal of Public Policy & Governance, 5(2), 34 - 50. Retrieved from https://stratfordjournals.org/journals/index.php/journal-of-public-policy-governa/article/view/813