Effect of Leadership Styles on Strategy Implementation in the Administration Police Service in Lamu County, Kenya


  • Ishaq Buya Jomo Kenyatta University of Agriculture & Technology
  • Dr. Fridah Simba Jomo Kenyatta University of Agriculture & Technology
  • Dr. Anwar Ahmed Jomo Kenyatta University of Agriculture & Technology


Organizations require effective leadership to achieve their goals and objectives, it is necessary for them to adjust their leadership style through strategy. However, a significant number of strategic initiatives fail during their implementation since it has been recognized as the biggest challenge for organizations. Kenya's Vision 2030 lays emphasis on security as crucial pillars for economic growth implying the police play a crucial role in creating the conditions in which development can take place. The Administration Police Service in trying to better its service delivery has so far drawn up three strategic plan with 2013-2017 being the current plan under implementation. The objective of the study was to investigate the effect of strategic leadership styles on strategic implementation in the administration police service in Lamu County. The study adopted a descriptive research design. Descriptive statistics was chosen since it utilizes data collection and analysis techniques that yield reports concerning the measures of central tendency, variation, and correlation. The combination of its characteristic summary and correlation statistics, along with its focus on specific types of research questions, methods, and outcomes necessitated the choice of this design. The target population comprised 450 APs in Lamu County both among the senior leadership and among junior officers. Yamane formula was used to calculate the sampling size of 212. Primary data was collected using structured questionnaires that had both close ended and open-ended questionnaires. Quantitative data were analyzed using SPSS. The study conducted various tests including normality test, multicollinearity, stationarity, heteroscedasticity and autocorrelation tests. Test of hypothesis was done at 95% confidence interval. The study found out that there was a positive and significant relationship between leadership style and Strategic Implementation (r=0.099, p=0.000. The null hypothesis was rejected. Based on the findings, the study concluded that leadership style has a positive and significant effect on Strategic implementation. The study recommended for enhancement of leadership styles in the administration police to maximize on the determinants that influence strategy implementation at APS. This will assist in being stronger in what is exactly influencing their strategy implementation.

Keywords: Strategic Leadership Style, Strategy Implementation, Administration Police Service & Lamu County.

Author Biographies

Ishaq Buya, Jomo Kenyatta University of Agriculture & Technology

PhD. Candidate

Dr. Fridah Simba, Jomo Kenyatta University of Agriculture & Technology


Dr. Anwar Ahmed, Jomo Kenyatta University of Agriculture & Technology



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How to Cite

Buya, I., Simba, D. F., & Ahmed, D. A. (2018). Effect of Leadership Styles on Strategy Implementation in the Administration Police Service in Lamu County, Kenya. Journal of Strategic Management, 2(2), 1–17. Retrieved from https://stratfordjournals.org/journals/index.php/journal-of-strategic-management/article/view/136