Influence of Organizational Culture on Implementation of Strategic Plans within the County Governments of Kenya


  • Joseph Elikanah Onkendi Omesa Jomo Kenyatta University of Agriculture and Technology
  • Prof. Hazel G. Gachunga Jomo Kenyatta University of Agriculture and Technology
  • Dr. Bichanga W. Okibo Jomo Kenyatta University of Agriculture and Technology
  • Prof. Martin Ogutu Jomo Kenyatta University of Agriculture and Technology


An effective and successful strategic planning requires engagement of all levels of management of County Government in order to generate maximum input and build employee commitment in achieving the county government's goals. The purpose of this study was to establish the influence of organizational culture on implementation of strategic plans within the County Governments of Kenya in Western region of Kenya. The study was based on the sequential thinking, adaptive and holistic theories. It employed descriptive survey research design which targeted 10 county governments, six in former Nyanza province and four in former Western Province. Proportional stratified random sampling technique was used in 10 counties where 240 study subjects was selected by simple random sampling. Further, the study incorporated merits of secondary data and then collect data using semi-structured questionnaires and interview for top managers. To test reliability and validity of the study, the pre-test item analysis was conducted at two different points in the study. The inter-item consistency or lack of it was tested using Cronbach's alpha. The quantitative data was then analyzed using descriptive statistics in form of mean, frequencies and standard deviation with the help of ANOVA, Regression and Correlation while qualitative data was analyzed using content analysis. Data was presented in tables, charts and graphs. The results showed that the organizational culture as a good predictor of implementation of strategic plans. The study rejected the null hypothesis and adopted the alternative hypothesis that organizational culture is statistically and significant related to implementation of strategic plans in county governments of Western Kenya. The study concluded that a stable culture, one that will systematically support strategy implementation, is one that fosters a culture of partnership, unity, teamwork and cooperation among employees. The study recommended for the management of the county governments that are interested in changing the way the organization focus on the value-based forces underlying the organization's behaviors. These management need to carry out a culture assessments that will reveal what strategic culture characteristics exist and they can promote the strengths they find to motivate personnel and identify possibilities for immediate successes in their cultural reshaping endeavors.

Keywords: Organizational Culture, Strategic Plans, County Governments, Kenya

Author Biographies

Joseph Elikanah Onkendi Omesa, Jomo Kenyatta University of Agriculture and Technology

PhD Candidate,  Jomo Kenyatta University of Agriculture and Technology

Prof. Hazel G. Gachunga, Jomo Kenyatta University of Agriculture and Technology

Lecturer,  Jomo Kenyatta University of Agriculture and Technology

Dr. Bichanga W. Okibo, Jomo Kenyatta University of Agriculture and Technology

Lecturer,  Jomo Kenyatta University of Agriculture and Technology

Prof. Martin Ogutu, Jomo Kenyatta University of Agriculture and Technology

Lecturer, Jomo Kenyatta University of Agriculture and Technology


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How to Cite

Onkendi Omesa, J. E., Gachunga, P. H. G., Okibo, D. B. W., & Ogutu, P. M. (2019). Influence of Organizational Culture on Implementation of Strategic Plans within the County Governments of Kenya. Journal of Strategic Management, 3(1), 1–20. Retrieved from