Influence of work environment and leader behavior on the Performance of Employees in the County Government of Makueni


  • John Kiilu The Management University of Africa
  • Dr. Ken Wambua The Management University of Africa


work environment, leader behavior, Performance, Employees, County Government, Makueni


Employee performance and productivity is of major concern in any economy worldwide. In Kenya there was establishment of the county government in 2010 after the promulgation of the constitution. This new system of governance in Kenya, devolution, is associated with greater participation in key decisions by members of society; a greater sense of shared vision and mission; an improved societal confidence and support based on greater knowledge and involvement. Although when the government was devolved into Counties most people left their original place of work and sought employment in the County Government, the challenge is that 20% of the jobs in the County Government are basically on contract and 80% are on permanent basis therefore this study tries to study the ways that the County government will have to adopt in order to retain their employees on job and ensure good performance. The study used descriptive research design. The study targeted the management and staff from the ten ministries/ departments in the county government of Makueni who were 220 in number. The study used the convenience sampling technique to select 96 managers who oversee the employees in executing their duties, the staff/ employees will also be sampled in regard to reporting to their managers in the county government of Makueni. The study found out that work environment and leader behavior has a significant effect on employee performance. Some challenges cannot be avoided but can be handled to reassure employees and impact on their performance positively for example unhealthy interaction with peers or leaders must be solved early enough to avoid ugly outcomes that affect work output. The leadership fraternity should ensure the county with a good brand from the community in order to serve them better without unnecessary conflicts. Leaders should be genuine evaluating, implementation and application of the set rules other that pretense. Once the employees loose trust in the leader, it becomes very difficult to be given attention and respect. The County Government to come up with measures on how leaders should account for their performance so as to have them put to task to deliver without fear of favourism.

Keywords: work environment, leader behavior, Performance, Employees, County Government, Makueni

Author Biographies

John Kiilu, The Management University of Africa

Post graduate student

Dr. Ken Wambua, The Management University of Africa



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How to Cite

Kiilu, J., & Wambua, D. K. (2017). Influence of work environment and leader behavior on the Performance of Employees in the County Government of Makueni. Journal of Strategic Management, 1(1), 60–77. Retrieved from