Instructional Materials Usage and Students’ Academic Performance in Selected Ordinary Level Public Schools in Gasabo District in Rwanda


  • Kireebwa Evermeld Mount Kenya University
  • Dr. Hesbon Opiyo Andala, PhD Mount Kenya University



The education system in Rwanda considers the passing of examination as the major criterion for performance. Instructional materials like computers, projectors, laboratory apparatuses and textbooks, play an important role in the achievement of educational goals, objectives and students’ performance. The purpose of this paper therefore, was to investigate the relationship between the usage of instructional materials and student’s academic performance in selected ordinary level public secondary schools of Gasabo District. This paper utilized a correlation research design to investigate the relationship between the usage of instructional materials and students' academic performance in selected ordinary level public secondary schools in Gasabo District. The study involved 264 participants, with a sample size of 159 determined using the Yamane formula. Various data collection methods were utilized, including questionnaires, observation, interviews, and document analysis. The collected data were managed and analyzed using SPSS software version 21, and the research instrument demonstrated high reliability with a Cronbach's Alpha score of 92.7%. The findings reveal that well-equipped science laboratories can affect students' assessment results in science subjects, with an R-Square of 0.489. Additionally, the study found that the usage of instructional materials can impact students' academic performance, with an R-Square of 0.532. The study also established a statistically significant relationship between instructional materials usage and students' academic performance, indicated by a Pearson coefficient of correlation (r) of 0.729. This demonstrates that effective utilization of instructional materials in schools can positively influence students' academic performance. It is recommended that educational managers need to prioritize curriculum stability and allocate appropriate budgets for instructional materials. Mobilizing parents for cost sharing and engaging the private sector in investing in education are crucial steps to ensure an adequate supply of instructional resources. Teachers play a pivotal role in utilizing the available materials effectively, making the teaching and learning process more meaningful and engaging for students. Parents should consider schools with sufficient instructional resources when selecting educational institutions for their children.

Keywords: Instructional materials, educational resources, Students’ academic performance and secondary schools

Author Biographies

Kireebwa Evermeld, Mount Kenya University

Post graduate student, Mount Kenya University, Rwanda

Dr. Hesbon Opiyo Andala, PhD, Mount Kenya University

Lecturer and research coordinator, school of education, Mount Kenya University, Rwanda


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How to Cite

Evermeld, K., & Andala, H. O. (2023). Instructional Materials Usage and Students’ Academic Performance in Selected Ordinary Level Public Schools in Gasabo District in Rwanda. Journal of Education, 6(2), 53–70.




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