Project Planning Practices and Performance of Pension Funds Project in Rwanda: A Case of Housing Projects Constructed by Rwanda Social Security Board (RSSB)


  • Amina Umulisa Mount Kenya University
  • Dr. Eugenia Nkechi Irechukwu Mount Kenya University



The general objective of this study was to examine the effect of investment strategies on the performance of pension fund projects, specifically focusing on project planning practices and the performance of housing projects constructed by Rwanda Social Security Board (RSSB). The study was anchored in systems theory of change, agency theory, the theory of planning, and stewardship theory, which were linked to the study variables. Both descriptive and correlational research designs were employed to establish an effective sample size for the research variables. The target population consisted of 148 individuals, and a sample size of 109 respondents was determined using the Yamane formula. Simple random and purposive sampling methods were used for recruitment. To ensure the validity and reliability of the data, this study utilized primary data obtained through pilot-tested questionnaires. The collected data was analyzed using descriptive statistics and inferential statistics. SPSS software was utilized for data analysis. The results for the first objective indicated that 56 (53.8%) respondents accepted that RSSB has an adequate number of personnel. Additionally, 60.6% agreed on the effectiveness of the training programs, and 78.8% agreed on the cost of human resource utilization. Results for the second objective showed that 65.7% strongly agreed that RSSB has an approved budget, and 73.1% agreed with forecasted expenses. The third objective's findings revealed that 68.3% agreed with order placement, 76.0% agreed with the availability of the right materials, and 64.4% agreed with project scope. Positive correlations were found between order placement and project quality management (r=0.711, p-value=0.000), time management (r=0.701, p-value=0.00), and cost management (r=0.885, p-value=0.000). Regarding the fourth objective, positive correlations were observed between project time targets and project quality management (r=0.798, p-value=0.000), time management (r=0.793, p-value=0.00), and cost management (r=0.740, p-value=0.000). Results for the project implementation stage indicated a positive association with project quality management (r=0.425, p-value=0.000), time management (r=0.450, p-value=0.000), and cost management (r=0.267, p-value=0.00). Based on the findings, the study recommends that senior staff establish effective project planning practices by involving all stakeholders in the planning process. It is also recommended that RSSB staff members improve project team management to enhance the performance of house construction projects undertaken by RSSB. Future research should be conducted on project implementation practices in different sectors of study.

Keywords: Human resource planning, financial resource planning, material usage planning, time management, performance, housing projects, Rwanda Social Security Board (RSSB)

Author Biographies

Amina Umulisa, Mount Kenya University

Postgraduate Student, Mount Kenya University

Dr. Eugenia Nkechi Irechukwu, Mount Kenya University

Lecturer, Mount Kenya University


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How to Cite

Umulisa, A., & Irechukwu, E. N. (2023). Project Planning Practices and Performance of Pension Funds Project in Rwanda: A Case of Housing Projects Constructed by Rwanda Social Security Board (RSSB). Journal of Entrepreneurship & Project Management, 7(7), 24–47.




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