Stakeholders’ Involvement and Success of Strategy Implementation

  • Florence Ingabire Mount Kenya University, Rwanda
  • Njenga Gitahi Mount Kenya University, Rwanda
  • Francis Mwangi Mount Kenya University, Rwanda

Abstract

Stakeholders by virtue of their interest in a project outcomes, they attribute their involvement and recognize a relation to its success in implementation. This is due to improvement of organizational performance. The higher learning institutions could be one of the institutions to adopt strategic planning to align activities with available resources. The purpose of this paper therefore was to determine the relationship between stakeholders’ involvement and success of strategy implementation at University of Rwanda, Gikondo campus. This paper employed correlation research design. The target population of this study was 1167 people corresponding to the sample size of 92respondents obtained by using Yamane (1967) formula and questionnaire was the main tool used to collect the data. The findings revealed that there is a statistical significant high positive relationship between implementation of strategic plan and the stakeholders’ involvement in Rwanda institutions of high learning thus r = 0.901 and P= 0.000<0.01. This paper also showed that there was 81.2% in success of strategy implementation affected by stakeholders’ involvement and the remaining 18.8% could be affected by other variables. The study concluded that stakeholders influence the implementation of strategic plans in Rwandan higher learning institutions The study also recommended that stakeholders at University of Rwanda,  Gikondo Campus should engage themselves in strategic implementation at their campus to enhance success of the university’s strategy.

Key words: Stakeholders’ involvement, strategy implementation, strategic management and strategic planning

Author Biographies

Florence Ingabire, Mount Kenya University, Rwanda

Post Graduate Student

Njenga Gitahi, Mount Kenya University, Rwanda

Coordinator-business and Economics Department

Francis Mwangi, Mount Kenya University, Rwanda

Deputy Vice-Chancellor Academic and Research

References

Adewale, A. R., & Esther, M. M. (2012). The Relationship between Stakeholders Involvement in Strategic Planning and Organizations Performance A Study of the University Of Venda. International Business & Economics Research Journal (IBER), 11(11), 1175-1190.

Aithal, P. S. (2015). How an Effective Leadership and Governance Supportsto Achieve Institutional Vision, Mission and Objectives. International Journal of Multidisciplinary Research and Development

Amponsah, E. B., & Onuoha, L. N. (2013). The Performance and Challenges of Private Universities in Ghana and Nigeria. International Journal of Business and Social Science, 4(5), 256–263.

Boaz A., Hanney S., Borst R., O’Shea A. &and M.Kok (2018). How to engage stakeholders in research design principles to support improvement.

Bryson, J. M. (2018). Strategic planning for public and non profit organizations. A guide to strengthening and sustaining organizational achievement.

Chepkoech, C., & Waiganjo, E. W. (2015). Role of stakeholders in the implementation of strategic change in commercial banks in Kenya: A case study of National Bank of Kenya Limited. International Academic Journal of Human Resource and Business Administration, 1(5), 55-82.

Crane, A., & Ruebottom, T. (2011). Stakeholder theory and social identity: Rethinking stakeholder identification. Journal of business ethics, 102(1), 77-87.

Department Of Health, V., & Association, V. (2001). EMS Agency Management Series EMS Strategic Planning in cooperation with.

EC-EYSC. (2019). Stakeholder Engagement in Quality Assurance Processes: Interim Report by the Education and Training 2020 Working Group Schools. Retrieved from https://www.schooleducationgateway.eu/downloads/files/news/May 2019 - Quality assurance stakeholders interim report.pdf.

Edelenbos, J, & Klijn, E-H. (2006). Managing stakeholder involvement in decision-making. Journal of Public Administration Research and Theory (Vol. 16, pp. 417–446). doi:10.1093/jopart/mui049.

Edwards, L. M. (2012). Strategic Planning in Local Government: Is the Promise of Performance a Reality? Georgia State University. Retrieved from http://scholarworks.gsu.edu/pmap_diss/36.

Faulkner, D. (2002). Strategy, Critical perspective on Business and Management, 204.

Fraser, H., Biondich, P., Moodley, D., Choi, S., Mamlin, B., & Szolovits, P. (2005). Implementing electronic medical record systems in developing countries. Informatics in Primary Care, 13, 83–95.

Gladys, B., & Gichohi, W. (2015). Stakeholder involvement in Schools in 21 st Century for Academic Excellence. International Journal of Education and Research, 3(2), 13–22.

Hill, C. W. ., & Jones, G. . (2009). Theory of Strategic Management with cases (8th Editio). Canada: South-Western Cengage Learning.

Hinton, K. E. (2012). A Practical Guide to Strategic Planning in Higher Education. Society for College and University Planning. Retrieved from www.scup.org.

Johnson, G., Scholes, K., & Whittington, R. (2009). Exploring corporate strategy: text & cases. Pearson education.

Land, M., Macura, B., Bernes, C., & Johansson, S. (2017). A five-step approach for stakeholder engagement in prioritisation and planning of environmental evidence syntheses. Environmental Evidence, 6(1), 25. https://doi.org/10.1186/s13750-017-0104-0.

Leithwood, K. a (University of T., Jantzi, D., Dimmock, C., Goh, J. W. P., Mulford, B., Kendall, D., … Hadfield, M. (2012). Jossey-Bass. Jossey-Bass Reader on Educational Leadership (3rd Edition). Somerset, NJ, USA: John Wiley & Sons, 2013. ProQuest ebrary. Web. 29 September 2015. Copyright © 2013. John Wiley & Sons. All rights reserved. Educational Management Administration & Leadership, 42(3), 37–41. https://doi.org/10.1080/13603120500483672.

Mangala, D. (2015). Influence of stakeholders in strategy implementation at G4s Kenya limited (Doctoral dissertation, University of Nairobi).

Mankowitz, S. (2018). Clinical Informatics Board Review and Self Assessment. 245.

Mori, N. (2010). Roles Of Stakeholders In Strategic Decision-Making Of Microfinance Organizations. Ssrn, 9(7), 51–64. https://doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.1535970.

Morse, L. L., & Allensworth, D. D. (2015). Placing students at the center: the Whole School, Whole Community, Whole Child model. The Journal of School Health, 85(11), 785–794. https://doi.org/10.1111/josh.12313.

Mohammed Abdi ADAN and John Aluko ORODHO, (2015). Constraints of implementation free secondary education in Mandera West Sub-county, Mondera County, Kenya.

Nabin, B. & Mohan, P. P. (2016). How Sustainability Is Reflected in the S&P 500 Companies’ Strategic Documents. Journal of Business and Management Retrieved from https://journals.sagepub.com/doi/full/10.1177/1086026616645381.

Namango, D. W., & Bichanga, W. O. (2014). Influence of Strategic Planning on Academic Performance?: A Case of Public Secondary Schools in Kimilili-Bungoma District Abstract?: International Journal of Innovative Research and Development, 3(3), 482–496.

Ndegwah, D. M. (2014). Factors Affecting the Implementation of Strategic Plans in Public Secondary Schools in Nyeri County, Kenya. International Review of Management and Business Research, 3(2), 993–1002.

Njeru, N. E., Stephen, M. M., & Wambui, M. A. (2013). Analysis of factors influencing formulation of strategic plans in Embu North District, Embu County, Kenya. Global business and economics research journal, 2(5), 116-129.

Pieterse, J. H., Marjolein, C. J., & Caniëls, T. H. (2012). Professional discourses and resistance to change. Journal of Organizational Change Management, 25(6), 798–818. https://doi.org/10.1108/09534811211280573.

Rojas-Arce, J., Gelman, O., & Suárez-Rocha, J. (2012). The Methodology for Strategic Plan Implementation. Journal of Applied Research and Technology, 10(April). Retrieved from http://www.scielo.org.mx/pdf/jart/v10n2/v10n2a14.pdf.

Schroeder, H. (2012). The Importance of Human Resource Management in Strategic Sustainability: An Art and Science Perspective. Journal of Environmental Sustainability, 2(2). https://doi.org/10.14448/jes.02.0004.

Sharpe, D. G. (2013). Power and Curriculum: Engaging all School Stakeholders. International Journal of Learning and Development, 3(5), 42. https://doi.org/10.5296/ijld.v3i5.4356.

Sial, A., Khawar, U., Muhammad, Zufiqar, Sehar, M., Satti, A., & Khursheed, I. (2013). Why Do Public Sector Organizations Fail In Implementation Of Strategic Plan In Pakistan? Public Policy and Administration Research, 3(1). Retrieved from www.iiste.org.

Smith, M. K. (2001). Experiential learning. In Encyclopedia of informal education (pp. 1–15). Retrieved from http://www.infed.org/b-explrn.htm.

University of Rwanda. (2018). University of Rwanda Strategic Plan 2018-2025. Kigali. Retrieved from https://ur.ac.rw/documents/UR 2018-2025 Strategic Plan-.pdf.

Waghmare, Y. M., Bhalerao, N., & Wagh, S. V. (2016). Analysis of the Factors Affecting the Stakeholder Management Process in Building Construction Project. International Journal of Innovative Studies in Sciences and Engineering Technology. Online. Retrieved from www.ijisset.org.

Zaidi, F. I., & Zawawi, E. M. A. (2019). Analysis of Strategy Implementation Process and Employees’ Performance in Construction Companies. Journal of Building Performance ISSN, 10(2), 2019.
Published
2021-06-26
How to Cite
Ingabire, F., Gitahi, N., & Mwangi, F. (2021). Stakeholders’ Involvement and Success of Strategy Implementation. Journal of Strategic Management, 5(1), 70-92. Retrieved from https://stratfordjournals.org/journals/index.php/journal-of-strategic-management/article/view/803
Section
Articles